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BD14529_.GIF (274 bytes)  Appearance

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  There are 17 different kinds of hummingbirds.  Some names are Ruby-Throated hummingbird, Anna's hummingbird, Black-chinned hummingbird, Blue-throated hummingbird, and Magnificent hummingbird.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  The largets hummingbird is the Giant hummingbird.  The smallest is the Bee hummingbird.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds are very colorful.  They can have blue, purple, green, brown, black, yellow, white, pink, or gray feathers.   Some are iridescent.  Hummingbirds have unusually long beaks.  They can be black, yellow, or bright red.  Hummingbirds have perching feet.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Male hummingbirds have a brightly colored throat.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Female hummingbirds do not have the brightly colored feathers in the throat.

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BD14529_.GIF (274 bytes)  What do hummingbirds do?

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds live in woodlands, gardens, or orchards where they can find flowers.  

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds live in the United States, Canada, Central America, and South America.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds can fly right, left, up, down, backwards, and even upside down.  They flap their wings about 50 times a second.  They look like a blur and make a humming noise.  They can fly fast or stop in one spot.  They really can't walk or hop.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds need to eat about every 10 minutes.  They mostly eat sugar which they get from flower nectar and tree sap.   They can take 13 licks a second.  Hummingbirds also eat insects and pollen.  

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds make low growls or high chirps.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds like to take sunbaths, stretching out their neck and wings.  They also like to take a bath in a puddle in a leaf or on the ground.  Hummingbirds also like to play in sprinklers.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds migrate.

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BD14529_.GIF (274 bytes)  Mating and babies

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  When looking for a mate, the male hummingbird will fly and dive in front of a female, back and forth and up and down, doing a dance.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbird nests are small, about the size of half a walnut shell.  The female builds the nest with moss, spiderwebs, seeds, and lichens.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  The female lays 2 small white eggs.   They are about the size of a pea.  The mother feeds the chicks by regurgitating.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Only the female takes care of the eggs and young.

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BD14529_.GIF (274 bytes)  Interesting facts

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Sometimes people will mistake sphinx moths for hummingbirds.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds help with pollination when they go from flower to flower.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds will fight to protect their territory.  They will puff up their feathers and peck and scratch other birds.

BD14795_.GIF (219 bytes)  Hummingbirds live about 3 years.